Learning the Basics of Citrix XenApp 5 for Windows Server 2008 (Part 2 of 7)
If you would like to read the other parts in this article series, please go to:
- Learning the Basics of XenApp 5 for Windows Server 2008 (Part 1)
- Learning the Basics of XenApp 5 for Windows Server 2008 (Part 3)
- Learning the Basics of XenApp 5 for Windows Server 2008 (Part 4)
- Learning the Basics of XenApp 5 for Windows Server 2008 (Part 5)
- Learning the Basics of XenApp 5 for Windows Server 2008 (Part 6)
- Learning the Basics of XenApp 5 for Windows Server 2008 (Part 7)
In Part 1 of this 7-part article, you learned how to create a MyCitrix.com account, request an evaluation copy of XenApp 5, generate and download a new license file and downloaded your evaluation software. In Part 2 of this article, you will learn how to create your Virtual Machine (VM) and install Windows Server 2008 Standard x86.
To simplify this learning process, you will take most of the VMware Workstation VM creation defaults and make only minimal configuration changes to Windows Server 2008. Some of the VM creation options you have may be different than what I have because of possible hardware differences between our two lab server setups. First, make sure you have a Windows Server 2008 Product Key and ISO image file accessible.
Note: What if you don’t have a copy of Windows Server 2008? To download a 60 day (extendable to 240 days) evaluation copy of Windows Server 2008 as an ISO image, go to http://www.microsoft.com/downloads/details.aspx?FamilyId=B6E99D4C-A40E-4FD2-A0F7-32212B520F50&displaylang=en. Save the file where it can be accessed by VMware Workstation.
Let’s get started.
Start VMware Workstation 6.5 and then click File -> New -> Virtual Machine
Click Custom (Advanced) and then Next
Make sure Hardware compatibility says Workstation 6.5 and click Next
Click Installer disc image file (iso) and then click the Browse button
Browse to your ISO image file, select it and then click the Open button
On this screen, enter your Product Key, change the Full name field from Administrator to a user name you want to use and enter a password. If you leave the Full name field set to Administrator, you will get a warning about a conflict with an existing system name. In my experience, when the VM attempts the automatic logon process during the Windows Setup process, you will get an “Invalid password” error and you will be locked out of the system. The only way to recover is to force a power off of the VM, delete the file from the hard disk and redo the VM creation process.
Once you have entered your Product Key, a user name and Password, click Next
If you wish, change the Virtual machine name to Learning XenApp 5 for 2008 to distinguish it from your other VMs.
When you change the Virtual machine name, the VM name in the Location field is also changed. Click Next
Accept the default of One for Number of processors and click Next
Change the Memory for the virtual machine to 4096 (or the maximum you can set if you do not have 4096 available for Guests).
Why 4GB of RAM for this VM? From my experience, Server 2008, with Terminal Services Licensing and Terminal Services in Application Server mode, runs best in a virtual environment with 1024MB of RAM. You will also be installing:
- Citrix License Management Console which uses Java
- Web Interface
- Access Management Console
- Presentation Server Console
- Access Datastore database
- Citrix Web Client
and you will be using Internet Explorer to test running a Published Application. Most of these will be open at the same time so the more RAM assigned to this VM the better.
Accept the default Network connection of Use network address translation (NAT). Click Next
Accept whatever the recommended setting is for your setup for I/O adapter types. Click Next
Take the default Create a new virtual disk. Click Next
Accept the recommended Virtual disk type for your setup. Click Next
Accept the default Maximum disk size (GB) of 16.0 and check Allocate all disk space now. If you allocate all disk space now, it will take a little longer to create the empty VM but the installation of the server OS is much faster. Click Next
Accept the Disk File name generated. Click Next
Check Power on this virtual machine after creation. This saves a few seconds in the setup process that keeps you from having to manually power on the VM to continue the VM creation process. Click Finish
VMware Workstation now creates the disk for the VM and goes through the initial power on sequence. In my experience, the power on screen is always black and no status messages are displayed.
Once the VM creation process has completed, you are returned to the Guest OS work screen. Click Power on this virtual machine
After a few minutes, the Select the operating system you want to install dialog appears. Click Next to accept the default of Windows Server 2008 Standard (Full Installation).
Note: XenApp 5 for Windows Server 2008 cannot be installed on a Server Core Installation.
At this point, the Windows setup process takes over. You will not have anything to do for about 15 to 20 minutes. When the initial setup process is complete, you are at the CTRL + ALT + DELETE logon screen.
Press CTRL + ALT + INSERT to logon and click on your user account.
Enter your password and either click the arrow to the right of the password field or press Enter.
Wait a few minutes while the VMware Tools are installed and the VM restarted. You will then be back at the Windows logon screen. Click your user account, enter your password and click the arrow or press Enter.
Click Continue on the User Account Control dialog to continue the next phase of the server setup or wait two minutes and the dialog goes away.
There are only two tasks you need to complete on the Initial Configuration Tasks for Part 2: Set time zone and Provide computer name.
If you are not in the Pacific Time Zone, click Set time zone and click the Change time zone button.
Select your Time Zone, click OK and click OKon the Date and Time dialog.
Click Provide computer name and domain.
Type CitrixONE for the Computer name and click OK.
Click OK on Computer Name/Domain Changes dialog.
Click Close on the System Properties dialog.
Click Restart Now to restart the VM.
After the VM restarts you are now at the Windows CTL-ALT-DEL prompt.
You have now successfully created your VM and installed Windows Server 2008 Standard x86. This process took 23 minutes and 16 seconds for me.
In Part 3 of this article, you will install the Windows Server 2008 prerequisites for XenApp 5, the License Server and Web Interface and all Windows security updates.