• Learning the Basics of VMware Horizon 7.12 – Part 9 – Farm and Pool Creation

    June 11, 2020

    Blog, VMware

    Now that we have two master images and a physical computer installed with the Horizon agent, it is time to create the Farm, three Pools, take a quick look at vCenter, and then publish Applications.

    Farm and Pool Creation

    Farm Creation

    In the left frame, under Inventory, click Farms, as shown in Figure 1.

    Figure 1
    Figure 1

    Click Add, as shown in Figure 2.

    Figure 2
    Figure 2

    We want the Connection Server to automate the creation of RDS servers.

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 3.

    A Manual Farm is when you have physical servers or possibly full clone VMs and you want to manually manage the Farm.

    Figure 3
    Figure 3

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 4.

    Figure 4
    Figure 4

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 5.

    Figure 5
    Figure 5

    Enter an ID and an optional Description, as shown in Figure 6.

    Figure 6
    Figure 6

    Scroll down to select an option for Logoff Disconnected Sessions, select Allow HTML Access to Desktops and Applications on this Farm and Allow Session Collaboration, and click Next, as shown in Figure 7.

    Figure 7
    Figure 7

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 8.

    Figure 8
    Figure 8

    Enter a Naming Pattern for the RDS VMs created, the Max Number of Machines, the Minimum Number of Ready Machines, and click Next, as shown in Figure 9.

    Figure 9
    Figure 9

    Information from vCenter is needed, as shown in Figure 10.

    Figure 10
    Figure 10

    For the Parent VM in vCenter, click Browse, as shown in Figure 11.

    Figure 11
    Figure 11

    Select the Parent VM for the RDS Farm and click Submit, as shown in Figure 12.

    Figure 12
    Figure 12

    For the Snapshot, click Browse, as shown in Figure 13.

    Figure 13
    Figure 13

    Select the snapshot and click Submit, as shown in Figure 14.

    Figure 14
    Figure 14

    For the VM Folder Location, click Browse, as shown in Figure 15.

    Figure 15
    Figure 15

    Select the folder in vCenter and click Submit, as shown in Figure 16.

    Figure 16
    Figure 16

    To select a Cluster, click Browse, as shown in Figure 17.

    Figure 17
    Figure 17

    Select the Cluster and click Submit, as shown in Figure 18.

    Figure 18
    Figure 18

    For the Resource Pool, click Browse, as shown in Figure 19.

    Figure 19
    Figure 19

    Select the Resource Pool and click Submit, as shown in Figure 20.

    Figure 20
    Figure 20

    For the Datastores, click Browse, as shown in Figure 21.

    Figure 21
    Figure 21

    Select the Datastore(s) and click Submit, as shown in Figure 22.

    Figure 22
    Figure 22

    By default, the Network used by the Parent VM selected in Figure 12 is used.

    For the Network, click Browse, as shown in Figure 23.

    Figure 23
    Figure 23

    Select the Network option and click Submit, as shown in Figure 24.

    Figure 24
    Figure 24

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 25.

    Figure 25
    Figure 25

    To select a location in Active Directory (AD) to place the created RDS VMs, click Browse, as shown in Figure 26.

    Figure 26
    Figure 26

    Select the OU and click Submit, as shown in Figure 27.

    Figure 27
    Figure 27

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 28.

    Figure 28
    Figure 28

    Click Submit, as shown in Figure 29, to finish adding the RDS Farm.

    Figure 29
    Figure 29

    Figure 30 shows the RDS Farm is added.

    Figure 30
    Figure 30

    After a good bit of time (20 minutes for my lab), in vCenter, as shown in Figure 31, you can see the folders, the Instant Clone stuff, and the RDS VM created.

    Figure 31
    Figure 31

    Figure 32 shows all but one task associated with adding the Farm.

    Figure 32
    Figure 32

    Figure 33 shows the resources used in vCenter before starting to build the lab.  The only VM was the VCSA which is configured with 12GB RAM and 2 vCPU.

    Figure 33
    Figure 33

    Figure 34 shows the vCenter resources after the Farm addition completed. There are now three VMs running: the VCSA, the Connection Server, and the just created RDS server. The Parent VMs are in their semi-comatose state.

    Figure 34
    Figure 34

    RDS Pool Creation

    In the left frame, under Inventory, click Desktops, as shown in Figure 35.

    Figure 35
    Figure 35

    Click Add, as shown in Figure 36.

    Figure 36
    Figure 36

    Select RDS Desktop Pool and click Next, as shown in Figure 37.

    Figure 37
    Figure 37

    Enter the required ID, an optional Display Name, an optional Description, and click Next, as shown in Figure 38.

    Figure 38
    Figure 38

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 39.

    Figure 39
    Figure 39

    Select the RDS Farm just created and click Next, as shown in Figure 40.

    Figure 40
    Figure 40

    Select Entitle Users After Adding Pool and click Submit, as shown in Figure 41.

    Figure 41
    Figure 41

    Click Add, as shown in Figure 42.

    Figure 42
    Figure 42

    Find and select the user(s) or group(s) and click OK, as shown in Figure 43.

    Figure 43
    Figure 43

    Click OK, as shown in Figure 44.

    Figure 44
    Figure 44

    The RDS Desktop Pool is added, as shown in Figure 45.

    Figure 45
    Figure 45

    Physical Desktop Pool Creation

    Since it is the easiest, let’s create the pool for the physical PC first.

    In the left frame, under Inventory, click Desktops, as shown in Figure 46.

    Figure 46
    Figure 46

    Click Add, as shown in Figure 47.

    Figure 47
    Figure 47

    Select Manual Desktop Pool and click Next, as shown in Figure 48.

    Figure 48
    Figure 48

    Select Other sources and click Next, as shown in Figure 49.

    Figure 49
    Figure 49

    Accept the defaults and click Next, as shown in Figure 50.

    Figure 50
    Figure 50

    Enter the required ID, an optional Display Name, an optional Description, and click Next, as shown in Figure 51.

    Figure 51
    Figure 51

    Select Display Assigned Machine Name and click Next, as shown in Figure 52.

    Figure 52
    Figure 52

    Select HTML Access, and Allow Session Collaboration, and click Next, as shown in Figure 53.

    Figure 53
    Figure 53

    Select the machine(s) to add to the pool and click Next, as shown in Figure 54.

    Figure 54
    Figure 54

    Select Entitle Users After Adding Pool and click Submit, as shown in Figure 55.

    Figure 55
    Figure 55

    Click Add as shown in Figure 56.

    Figure 56
    Figure 56

    Find and select the user(s) or group(s) and click OK, as shown in Figure 57.

    Figure 57
    Figure 57
    Figure 58
    Figure 58

    Figure 59 shows the Manual Desktop Pool is added.

    Figure 59
    Figure 59

    Back in Figure 50, we selected the default option to Enable Automatic Assignment. That means, the first user to log in to that desktop becomes the assigned user for that desktop.

    VDI Pool Creation

    In the left frame, under Inventory, click Desktops, as shown in Figure 60.

    Figure 60
    Figure 60

    Click Add, as shown in Figure 61.

    Figure 61
    Figure 61

    Select Automated Desktop Pool and click Next, as shown in Figure 62.

    Figure 62
    Figure 62

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 63.

    Figure 63
    Figure 63

    Select whether to use Floating or Dedicated and click Next, as shown in Figure 64.

    For this lab, I selected Floating.

    Figure 64
    Figure 64

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 65.

    Figure 65
    Figure 65

    Enter the required ID, an optional Display Name, an optional Description, and click Next, as shown in Figure 66.

    Figure 66
    Figure 66

    Enter a Naming Pattern for the VDI VMs created, select how to Provision Machines, the Max Number of Machines, [if you create more than 1 machine] the Number of Spare (Powered On) Machines and click Next, as shown in Figure 67.

    Figure 67
    Figure 67

    Information from vCenter is needed, as shown in Figure 68.

    Figure 68
    Figure 68

    For the Parent VM in vCenter, click Browse, as shown in Figure 69.

    Figure 69
    Figure 69

    Select the Parent VM for the Pool and click Submit, as shown in Figure 70.

    Figure 70
    Figure 70

    For the Snapshot, click Browse, as shown in Figure 71.

    Figure 71
    Figure 71

    Select the snapshot and click Submit, as shown in Figure 72.

    Figure 72
    Figure 72

    For the VM Folder Location, click Browse, as shown in Figure 73.

    Figure 73
    Figure 73

    Select the folder in vCenter and click Submit, as shown in Figure 74.

    Figure 74
    Figure 74

    For the Cluster, click Browse, as shown in Figure 75.

    Figure 75
    Figure 75

    Select the Cluster and click Submit, as shown in Figure 76.

    Figure 76
    Figure 76

    For the Resource Pool, click Browse, as shown in Figure 77.

    Figure 77
    Figure 77

    Select the Resource Pool and click Submit, as shown in Figure 78.

    Figure 78
    Figure 78

    For the Datastores, click Browse, as shown in Figure 79.

    Figure 79
    Figure 79

    Select the Datastore(s) and click Submit, as shown in Figure 80.

    Figure 80
    Figure 80

    By default, the Network used by the Parent VM selected in Figure 70 is used.

    For the Network, click Browse, as shown in Figure 81.

    Figure 81
    Figure 81

    Select the Network option and click Submit, as shown in Figure 82.

    Figure 82
    Figure 82

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 83.

    Figure 83
    Figure 83

    Select the necessary options and click Next, as shown in Figure 84.

    I left Session Types at Desktop, changed Automatically Logoff After Disconnect to Immediately, and changed Allow Users to Restart/Reset Their Machines to Yes.

    Figure 84
    Figure 84

    Select HTML Access and Allow Session Collaboration and click Next, as shown in Figure 85.

    Figure 85
    Figure 85

    To select a location in Active Directory (AD) to place the created Pool VMs, click Browse, as shown in Figure 86.

    Figure 86
    Figure 86

    Select the OU and click Submit, as shown in Figure 87.

    Figure 87
    Figure 87

    Click Next, as shown in Figure 88.

    Figure 88
    Figure 88

    Select Entitle Users After Adding Pool, and click Submit to finish adding the Pool, as shown in Figure 89.

    Figure 89
    Figure 89

    Click Add as shown in Figure 90.

    Figure 90
    Figure 90

    Find and select the user(s) or group(s) and click OK, as shown in Figure 91.

    Figure 91
    Figure 91

    Click OK, as shown in Figure 92.

    Figure 92
    Figure 92

    Figure 93 shows the Pool is added.

    Figure 93
    Figure 93

    vCenter

    Now that the RDS Farm and all three Pools are created and Entitlements added, all the Parent VMs, regular VMs, and all folders are created.

    For my lab, I had to wait about 20 minutes for all the various tasks to complete.

    Figure 94 shows my vCenter after all tasks completed.

    Figure 94
    Figure 94

    Again, for comparison, Figure 95 shows the utilization of my cluster before starting the Horizon lab.

    Figure 95
    Figure 95

    One item to need to tell you. After running through this Horizon lab a couple of times, when I got to this point, my VCSA (with 10GB RAM) complained of running out of memory. I had to increase the RAM to 12GB to keep my VCSA from throwing a memory error issue.

    Figure 96 shows the current utilization.

    Figure 96
    Figure 96

    Over 107GB of RAM used for one VCSA, one Connection Server, one Windows  10 VDI VM, one Server 2019 RDS VM, and 12 Parent VMs. I am unable to image the resource utilization if there were multiple RDS Farms/Pools and multiple VDI Pools. I hope a future version of Horizon improves on this resource utilization situation.

    Publishing Applications

    Now on to publishing applications from the RDS server.

    In the left frame, under Inventory, click Applications, as shown in Figure 97.

    Figure 97
    Figure 97

    Click Add and then Add from Installed Applications, as shown in Figure 98.

    Figure 98
    Figure 98

    Select RDS Farm and select the applications to publish. I selected Calculator, Notepad, Paint, and WordPad. Verify Entitle Users After Adding Pool is selected and click Next, as shown in Figure 99.

    Figure 99
    Figure 99

    If needed, update the application ID or Display Name and click Submit, as shown in Figure 100.

    Note: For me, it usually took Submitting twice to get all the applications submitted, as shown in Figure 101. Don’t worry if it takes multiple tries, the process always works, eventually, as shown in Figure 102. These multiple submissions issues happened every time I ran through this process.

    Figure 100
    Figure 100
    Figure 101
    Figure 101
    Figure 102
    Figure 102

    Click Add, as shown in Figure 103.

    Figure 103
    Figure 103

    Find and select the user(s) or group(s) and click OK.

    Figure 104
    Figure 104

    Click OK, as shown in Figure 105.

    Figure 105
    Figure 105

    Figure 106 shows the applications are published.

    Figure 106
    Figure 106

    ControlUp

    Now that the Pools are added, what does ControlUp show us?

    Go back to the ControlUp console, expand EUC Environments, expand your Horizon environment, click on Desktop Pools, and click Focus, as shown in Figure 107.

    Figure 107
    Figure 107

    Expand Desktop Pools, as shown in Figure 108, and the two Desktop Pools are shown.

    Figure 108
    Figure 108

    Currently, ControlUp doesn’t support RDS Farms. I hope that capability comes soon. You can still manually add your RDS servers to ControlUp. We will cover that In Part 11.

    Up next: Accessing the published resources







    About Carl Webster

    Webster is a Sr. Infrastructure Consultant for Conversant Group and specializes in Citrix, Active Directory and Technical Documentation. Webster has been working with Citrix products for many years starting with Multi-User OS/2 in 1990.

    View all posts by Carl Webster

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